Blepharitis (blef-uh-rahy-tis)

What is Blepharitis?

  • Blepharitis is the medical term for inflammation of the eyelids
  • Blepharitis can either be anterior (on the outside front edge of the eyelids) or posterior (on the inner edge of the eyelids)

What are the Symptoms of Blepharitis?

  • Burning sensation in the eyes/Gritty feeling in eyes
  • Tearing
  • Itchy, red, swollen eyelids
  • Dry eyes
  • Crusting eyelids or “dandruff” on the eyelids
  • In severe cases, blepharitis can lead to blurred vision, loss of eyelashes and inflammation in other parts of the eye

What Causes Blepharitis?

  • Blepharitis can be caused by hormones, nutrition, and infectious agents
  • In anterior blepharitis, the main cause is either a bacterial infection or dandruff of the scalp area
    • It can also be caused by allergies
  • In posterior blepharitis, the main cause is usually irregular oil production by the eyelid glands
    • This leads to bacterial growth
    • Acne and rosacea can also cause this type of blepharitis

When does Blepharitis Occur?

  • Blepharitis affects people of all ages

How is Blepharitis Diagnosed?

  • Diagnosing blepharitis begins with a comprehensive eye exam at Shanks Family Eye Care
    • During this exam, your doctor uses multiple tests to evaluate the eyelids and tears

How is Blepharitis Treated?

  • Treatment usually depends upon the type of blepharitis, but the key to treating most blepharitis is keeping the eyelids clean
  • This includes:
    • Warm Compresses
    • Eyelids Massage
    • Artificial Tears
    • Anti-Dandruff Shampoo
  • Treatment may also warrant the discontinuation of use of contact lenses or the wearing of makeup until the blepharitis is resolved