What is Ocular Hypertension? (ok-yuh-ler hahy-per-ten-shuhn)

Ocular hypertension is a medical term used to describe an increase in the pressure of the eye without any visible damage or vision changes. Ocular hypertension is not the same as glaucoma as glaucoma patients have visual changes and optic nerve damage.

Not all people with ocular hypertension develop glaucoma. Ocular hypertension patients are at an increased risk of glaucoma, making regular examinations by your eye doctor critical.

What are the Symptoms of Ocular Hypertension?
There are no noticeable signs or symptoms of ocular hypertension.

How Common is Ocular Hypertension?
Ocular hypertension is more common in African Americans and people over the age of 40. It is also more common in those with a family history of ocular hypertension and/or glaucoma and in those with diabetes.

When does Ocular Hypertension Occur?
Ocular hypertension occurs when the pressure of the fluid in the eye becomes elevated above normal without damaging the optic nerve or affecting vision.

How is Ocular Hypertension Diagnosed?
Diagnosing ocular hypertension begins with a comprehensive eye exam at Shanks Family Eye Care. During this exam, your doctor uses tests to evaluate your vision and the pressure inside of your eyes. Your doctor may use additional testing and technology to monitor the health and changes in your retina and optic nerve.

How is Ocular Hypertension Treated?

There is no cure for ocular hypertension. Monitoring and treating ocular hypertension when necessary can help decrease the risk of damage to your eyes.